Friday, April 8, 2016

Tara Tarini's Chaitra Yatra near Berhampur city in Ganjam district of Odisha

Chaitra Parba
Tara Tarini Temple, near Ganjam, odisha

Chaitra Parba/Chaitra Mela/Chaitra Yatra is the most important among the festivals, celebrated at the Tara Tarini Hill Shrine.
It takes place on each Tuesday of the month of Chaitra, i.e., during mid-March to mid-April. Lakhs of devotees come from every corner of the world to have darshan of the Tara Tarini and perform their Manasika after fulfillment of their desires. Grand congregations take place on the first, second, third and fourth Tuesdays. On Tuesday, the shrine remains open for the Darshan of the deities from 1.00 AM (mid-night on Monday) till 11 PM (of Tuesday). During that period, Pahada (daytime rest) of the deities is confined to night-time only.
This is one of the major Shakti Peethas in India where the twin goddesses Tara and Tarini are worshiped as the Breast Shrine of Devi Sati and the manifestation of Adi Shakti. This famous Shakti/Tantra Peetha is located on the bank of pious river Rushikulya.
Tara Tarini Temple, Ganjam, Odisha
Tara Tarini Temple, Ganjam, Odisha

It is believed that the Tara Tarini Shrine is one of the oldest pilgrimage centers of Mother Goddess and is one of the four major ancient Shakti shrines in India. The Hindu religious texts recognize four major Shakti Peethas at Bimala (Pada Khanda) inside the Jagannath Temple, Puri; Tara Tarini (Sthana Khanda), near Berhampur; Kamakhya (Yoni khanda), near Guwahati; and Dakshina Kali (Mukha khanda) in Kolkata. Puranas believe that there are 51 sacred Shakti Peethas and 26 Upa Peethas originated from the limbs of Mata Sati’s corpse in the Satya Yuga after the Daksha Prajapati’s Yajna.
Lakhs of devotees, sadhus, Sanyasis and Shakti Upasakas come from the various corner of the world in order to take a dip in the holy Rushikulya River and have darshan of the twin Goddess Maa Tara Tarini. Grand congregations take place on the famous Tuesdays falling in the month of Chaitra.
Tara Tarini Temple, Ganjam, Odisha
Tara Tarini Temple deities, Ganjam, Odisha

The Chaitra Mela is significant for several reasons – Chaitra Mela is the longest fair celebrated at any Shrine in India which takes place for a period of one month. The four Tuesdays of the month are considered to be the most auspicious days to get Siddhi. Therefore, lakhs of devotees congregate during these days. Another unique feature of the Chaitra Mela is the mass feast by the devotees spread across the Shrine where thousands of people make food under open sky as an offering to the goddesses upon fulfillment of their wishes. This oldest form of Puja still survives at this shrine.
Another traditional form of Bhakti which is seen here is the mass tonsuring of Hair of newborn babies during this auspicious period to protect the newborns from all evils and ensure their well-being with Chaturbarga Phala (i.e. Dharma-Artha-Kama & Mokshya) throughout their life.

The goddesses Tara and Tarini are regarded as the presiding deity (Ista-Devi) in every part of the state of Odisha and in many parts of India.
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