5th January in History:
1675 – Battle of Colmar: the French army beats Brandenburg.
1896 – An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Röntgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
1944 – The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.
2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
Who you share your birthday with:
1592 – Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor (d. 1666)
1846 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German philosopher and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
1855 – King C. Gillette, American businessman, founded the Gillette Company (d. 1932)
1893 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (d. 1952)
1941 – Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, Indian cricketer (d. 2011)
1986 – Deepika Padukone, Danish-Indian model and actress
Holidays and observances:
National Bird Day