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26th January date

26th January in history:
1565 – Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1856 – First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
1905 – The world's largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3,106.75 carats (0.621350 kg), is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.
1911 – Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
1920 – Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj ("Complete Independence") which occurred 17 years later.
1949 – The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 is built in 1976).
1950 – The Constitution of India comes into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day in India.
1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
2015 - US president Barack Hussein Obama for the first time attended the Republic Day Parade of India at Rajpath, New Delhi.
Barack Hussein Obama in India for Republic Day Parade
Barack Hussein Obama in India for Republic Day Parade, India 2015


Birthdays today:
1925 – Paul Newman, American actor, director, race car driver, and businessman, co-founded Newman's Own (d. 2008)

Festivals and celebrations:
Duarte Day (Dominican Republic)
Liberation Day (Uganda)
Republic Day (India)
Australian Day (Australia)

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