Sunday, April 11, 2010

Some amazing facts about India


1. India is the world’s largest, oldest, continuous civilization.
2. India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history.
3. India is the world’s largest democracy.
4. Varanasi, also known as Benares, was called “the ancient city” when
Lord Buddha visited it, in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest, continuously
inhabited city in the world today.
5. India invented the NumberSystem. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
6. The World’s first university was established in Takshashila in
700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more
than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century
BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field
of education.
7. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is
the most suitable language for computer software – a report in Forbes
magazine, July 1987.
8. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.
Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our
civilization.
9. Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of
development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of
British invasion in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was
attracted by India’s wealth.
10. The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindhu 6000 years ago.
The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.
The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’.
11. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the
sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth
to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
12. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he
explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He
discovered this in the 6th century long before the European
mathematicians.
13. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic
equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest
numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used
numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as
early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest
used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12).
14. IEEE has proved what has been a century old suspicion in the world
scientific community that the pioneer of wireless communication was
Prof. Jagdish Bose and not Marconi.
15. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.
16. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake
called Sudarshana was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during
Chandragupta Maurya’s time.
17. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
18. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health
scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans,
cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic
surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in
ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment were used. Deep knowledge
of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism,
genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
19. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000
years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley
(Indus Valley Civilization).
20. The four religions born in India, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and
Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
21. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
22. India is one of the few countries in the World, which gained
independence without violence.
23. India has the second largest pool of Scientists and Engineers in the World.
24. India is the largest English speaking nation in the world.
25. India is the only country other than US and Japan, to built a
super computer indigenously.
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